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Shuttle-Mir Background - How "Phase 1" was Organized

Early in the Shuttle-Mir Program, "Working Groups," were created to prepare the organizational and technical documentation, and to carry out the flight plans.

These Working Groups consisted of experts from RSC Energia, NASA, RSA, Institute for Biomedical Problems (IBMP), Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center (GCTC), and other organizations and companies.

This structure divided the mission planning and execution tasks into nine different functions. Each nation designated a Co-Chair for each group, who was responsible for that group's function. These Co-Chairs chaired joint meetings (usually weekly via telecon, and occasionally face to face) and were authorized to sign protocols, which documented agreements that were made within their function.

A list of the Working Groups, their areas of responsibility, and the names of their Co-Chairs can be found at Working Groups Structure.

Related Links:
Working Groups Structure
Russian Space Agency and Energia
Shuttle-Mir Goals
How Phase 1 Started
Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center

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