Shuttle-Mir History/Science/ISS Risk Mitigation

This research involved utilizing the Russian Mir Space Station as a test bed for building future space stations. There are many factors to consider when designing a space station. Researchers performed tests aboard Mir that would help them draw conclusions about how to build the International Space Station (ISS).

A number of Shuttle flights took sections of the Station into space, carrying the unassembled sections in the payload bay. Once in space, the crewmembers performed extravehicular activities (EVAs) to assemble the sections and to test construction of the Mir.

The Mir's interior and exterior environments were fully evaluated. Researchers measured audible noise levels inside the Mir, radio interference, force impacts to the interior structures caused by crewmember movements, particle impact to the exterior of Mir, docking stability when the Shuttle is docked to the Mir station, and monitored changes in the quality of the crew's water supply. In addition, four passive payloads were attached to the Mir docking module during Mir-21/NASA-2, and remained attached throughout the Shuttle-Mir program to collect debris from and data about the external environment of Mir.

Data gathered during Shuttle-Mir will be used in the design of the International Space Station. Using the Mir as a test bed will reduce technical risks for ISS construction and operation.


Experiments List:
Active Rack Isolation Systems (ARIS)
Cosmic Radiation and Effects Activation Monitor (CREAM)
Enhanced Dynamic Load Sensors (EDLS) on Mir
Inventory Management System (IMS)
Micrometeoroid/Debris Photo Survey of Mir
Mir Audible Noise Measurement (MANM)
Mir Electric Field Characterization (MEFC)
Mir Enviromental Effects Payload (MEEP)
Mir Structural Dynamics Experiment (MiSDE)
Mir Wireless Network Experiment (MWNE)
Optical Properties Monitor (OPM)
Orbital Debris Collector (ODC)
Passive Optical Sample Assembly (POSA-1)
Passive Optical Sample Assembly (POSA-2)
Polish Plate Micrometeoroid Debris (PPMD) Collector
Radiation Monitoroing Equipment - III
Real-Time Radiation Monitoring Device (RRMD)
Shuttle-Mir Alignment Stability Experiment (SMASE)
Space Portable Spectroreflectometer (SPSR)
Test of Portable Computer System (TPCS) Hardware
Water Microbiological Monitoring (WMM)


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Page last updated: 07/16/1999

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